Learn more about Aethelwulf’s life, family, and achievements in this article. As ruler of the West Saxons from 839 to 856, he allied his kingdom of Wessex with Mercia and thereby withstood invasions by Danish Vikings. This is the period where the two great legends about Alfred come from. Alfred was crowned at Kingston, Surrey, UK 2. Æthelred I died of his wounds at a battle in Mererun, Hampshire. Æthelred had two sons, Æthelhelm and Æthelwold, who were passed over for the kingship on their father's death because they were still infants. The occasion is being marked with conferences and exhibitions in Winchester, Southampton and London, but the scale of celebrations will be modest compared with those which commemorated hi… He also gave her his estate at Eddington, the site of his great victory over Guthrum. Edmund I (Old English: Ēadmund, pronounced [æːɑdmund]; 921 – 26 May 946) was King of the English from 939 until his death. Marriage of Ethelfleda. Æthelred succeeded his brother Æthelbert. Edward the Elder, the appointed successor. King Aethelred died in 871 and Alfred succeeded him. This should be a fairly easy multiple-choice quiz with some facts about the only English king called 'the Great'. Born in 849 in Wantage in Berkshire, Alfred the Great was the fifth son of Aethelwulf, the King of Wessex. An early 14th-century portrait of 10th-century leader Edward the Elder. Æthelwulf died in 858 and was succeeded by his oldest surviving son, Æthelbald, as king of Wessex and by his next oldest son, Æthelberht, as king of Kent. During the reign of his father Alfred the Great, Edward the Elder had taken an active role in his campaigns against the Vikings.On the great Alfred's death the succession was disputed between Edward or Eadweard and Ethelwald, the son of Alfred's elder brother Ethelred I . Alfred the Great is widely regarded as the first true English king. He is the only monarch in the history of England to be referred to as "the Great." Alfred the Great captured London, allegedly after defeating a Danish garrison. He was the fourth of five sons of King Æthelwulf of Wessex, four of whom in turn became king. During the early part of his reign he continued the fight against the Danes until, in 877, he and his army retired to the Isle of Athelney. King Alfred of Wessex (r.871-99) is probably the best known of all Anglo-Saxon rulers, even if the first thing to come into many peoples minds in connection with him is something to do with burnt confectionery. Alfred died in 899. In April 871, King Ethelred died, most probably from wounds received at the Battle of Merton. Edward, byname Edward the Elder, (died July 17, 924, Farndon on Dee, Eng. The Reformer King. Alfred was born c.848, the youngest of six children. Alfred organised the army and was the founder of the English Navy. One was Lambourn and the other was Wantage where Alfred was born. At the age of four, his father sent him to Rome on pilgrimage, where he was confirmed in the faith by the Pope and, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, was anointed as king. He desired absolute power, and the legislative innovations in his rule were resisted by the elders. Alfred died in 899 and was succeeded by his son Edward. Although contemporary turmoil meant the accession of Alfred - an adult with military experience and patronage resources --over his nephews went unchallenged, he remained obliged to secure their property rights. Alfred the Great was Æthelwulf son. There had been four Anglo-Saxon kingdoms at the time of Alfred’s birth, but before his death all but Wessex had been overrun by the Vikings, and their kings killed or exiled. Alfred succeeded in forcing the Danes to withdraw to Mercia, but the reprieve was brief. Alfred’s daughter, Ethelfleda, married Ethelred, Ealdorman of Mercia. 7 He succeeded as the King Ælfræd of Wessex on 23 April 871. Published Jan 29, 2017 @ 6:34 pm – Updated – Jul 5, 2020 @ 11:29 pm. Æthelred I (or Aethelred or Ethelred; Old English Æthel-ræd, meaning noble counsel; 845/848 to 871) was King of Wessex from 865 until his death. Alfred was the youngest son of Ethelwulf, king of Wessex.In 865, when Alfred was a youth, Wessex and the other Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in England - Northumbria, East Anglia, and Mercia - were threatened by invasion when a Danish Viking "Great Army" landed on the east coast.The Danes first conquered Northumbria and East Anglia and then turned to attack Mercia. [1] Each of the sons succeeded to the role of king in turn. Answer and Explanation: Alfred the Great was succeeded by his oldest son, Edward the Elder, on October 26, 899, the day that Alfred died. He was succeeded by his son, Edward the Elder who was crowned on Whitsunday (8 June) 900. Alfred the Great and his bannerman, the pack contains 2 figures. Alfred was initially buried in the Old Minster at Winchester. Ethelswitha on pilgrimage Choose from 129 different sets of alfred the great flashcards on Quizlet. Alfred the Great (Old English: Ælfrēd[a], Ælfrǣd[b], "elf counsel" or "wise elf"; 849 – 26 October 899) was King of Wessex from 871 to 899. However, as London was in the Kingdom of Mercia, Alfred, turned London over to Mercian control. 837: 871: 34: Wimborne Minister, Dorset, England. (Image by Alamy) Edward was the eldest surviving son of Alfred the Great. Alfred as the Earl of Somerset. Anglo-Saxon monarch. Alfred, the fifth and youngest son of King Ethelwulf, was born in 849. While he was busy with the burial ceremonies for his brother, the Danes def… Born in the early 870s, he was intended for his father’s throne, and led a … Alfred the Great: 871-899: 28: Saxon period, Wessex. The Danes attacked once again, even as the new king was busy with his brother’s burial ceremonies. 886/7. Ealhswith survived Alfred by three years and died on December 5, 902. It would be his grandson Aethelstan who would be called the first King of England. Aethelwulf, Anglo-Saxon king in England, the father of King Alfred the Great. The … 888/9. Ælfræd, King of Wessex also went by the nick-name of Alfred 'the Great' (?) When the Danes invaded Wessex in 871, Alfred fought several battles with his brother, Aethelred, who died in the same year. Alfred takes London. Æthelred I was Æthelwulf son. Alfred was born in 849 CE, the son of King Aethelwulf of Wessex and his wife Osburh. Alfred was born at Wantage in Oxfordshire in 849, fourth or fifth son of Aethelwulf, king of the West Saxons. Alfred successfully defended his kingdom against the Viking attempt at conquest, and by the time of his death had become the dominant ruler in England. Following the wishes of their father, the sons succeeded to the kingship in turn. As a result, Alfred succeeded the throne. He succeeded his elder brother Æthelberht and was followed by his youngest brother, Alfred the Great. Alfred was not only a successful military leader, but a scholar as well, who translated Latin texts into the Anglo-Saxon language. Spears banners and bases not supplied. Being the fourth or fifth child in line to the throne, it had seemed unlikely that Alfred would ever reign over his kingdom. In 871 he succeeded Ethelred I as king of England when Viking invaders were occupying the north and east of England and Wessex was under attack. King Alfred of Wessex spent most of his life fighting against the invading Danes and he is the only king in English history to be known as “The Great.” His reign has been recognised as one of the most important turning points in English political and ecclesiastical history. Miniatures supplied unpainted and may need some assembly. The gradual alienation between the king and his people led to several military defeats from the Danes, to which Alfred had to pay tribute. 5 He helped his brother gain a great victory over the Danes at Ashdown in 871. The year 1999 saw the 1100th anniversary of his death on October 26th, 899, at the age of about 50. In the seventh week after Easter [4–10 May 878], around Whitsuntide, Alfred rode to 'Egbert's Stone' east of Selwood, where he was met by "all the people of Somerset and of Wiltshire and of that part of Hampshire which is on this side of the sea (that is, west of Southampton Water), and they rejoiced to se… Learn alfred the great with free interactive flashcards. The Danes' defeat secured Wessex for Alfred but, with his country in squalor and ruin, Alfred's genius as a … Edward's first hurdle was the rebellion of his cousin, Aethelwold, whose claim to the throne was through his father, Aethelred. Edward the Elder 899-924. Despite being very courageous and a great leader, Alfred was physically a sickly and … Danes seized and plundered London in … Alfred was not expected to become King since he had four elder brothers. At the age of four he was taken to Rome to be confirmed by Pope Leo IV. The "Anglo-Saxon Chronicle," the record of the English race, was inspired by Alfred. In January 878, under their leader Guthrum, the Danes struck back with a surprise attack against Alfred at his winter fortress at Chippenham. King Alfred the Great was born in 849, the 5th son of King Aethelwulf of Wessex and Osburh at Wantage, Berkshire. Alfred was succeeded by hi… Average score for this quiz is 6 / 10.Difficulty: Average.Played 1,581 times. Æthelbald only survived his father by two years and Æthelberht then for the first time united Wessex and Kent into a single kingdom. He died at the age of 50. The concluding truce saved Kent and Wessex from raids from the Danes for a time, but the rest of England was left defenseless and was conquered by the Vikings. Alfred succeeded to the throne of Wessex and the burden of its defence, despite the fact that Ethelred left two young sons. Enjoy! He succeeded in unifying the various … ... Alfred died in 899 and was succeeded by his son King Edward the Elder. Nevertheless, Alfred succeeded to the throne of his father as it was agreed that power would pass through Aethelwulf’s sons, rather than … As of Jan 18 21. 5 He succeeded as the King Ælfræd of Mercia on 23 April 871. She was buried in the Old Minster next to Alfred. Interesting Facts about Alfred the Great. Who was Alfred the Great? King Alfred the Great died on 26 October 899, and Edward succeeded to the throne, taking the title King of the Anglo-Saxons like his father before him. Ragnar Lothbrok: the immortal Viking. Guthrum acceded and even accepted the Christian faith by being baptized at the marsh-bound church of Aller, close by Alfred's former fastness. Alfred was still only a young boy when on 13th January 858 his father died, leaving Alfred’s older brothers to take control. Ivar the Boneless, Ragnvald of Ed and 6 more Vikings you should know about. 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